.

Save Earth ...Seize Federal Reserve Founding Stock

m

new on 2/2/20 1 a.m. – to view, clean cookies & history &/or refresh w/ control F5


nuclear guardian news service is a project of citizen investigative reporters

 site formatted for cell phones & computers

ed


 Nuclear Weather Forecast newswire 


 Nuclear Waste & Fallout Reference Database for citizens citing reactors 


"for kids & nuclear scientists who love animals & mother nature"  

Have a happy heart and avoid cesium fallout to make sure!


firefox is quick – chrome times out links – 12 a.m. 07-11-2022 – to update: press control f5 — if links don't work, right-click on the link to copy its url, then paste it into firefox

under construction, 6/4/22


red blob is as red blob does: new & mysterious diseases

Seaborne and airborne fallout from three ongoing nuclear reactor meltdowns in fukushima will flow into the pacific ocean ...practically, forever ...24x7x365 since 3/11 (not 9/11)



(below) We compare the charts of hot spots causing new and mysterious diseases destroying life in the Pacific Ocean attributed to global warming, with the scientific charts of hot spots of Fukushima radionuclides like plutonium, cesium, tritium and uranium (and up to 1,000 other radionuclides) in the currents migrating alongside whales, dolphins, salmon, tuna, herringthe comparison shows a perfect match which in and of itself is noteworthy

— the disappearance of plankton (basis of the oceanic food chain which creates 80% of Earth's oxygen) therefore correlating those

radionuclide migratory currents with the disappearance of tide pools in British Columbia then the West Coast, and the dissolving of Sea Stars and disappearance of tide pools, and

— catastrophic almost extinction levels of deaths of sea mammals with cancers, lesions, mutations washing ashore dead and dying on shorelines from Mexico to Alaska alongside thousands of seabirds washing ashore dead, delayed release of frozen radionuclides in the arctic laying waste to seals and bears, and

— horrific fish kills threatening the fishing 

industry, and migrating birds such as Bald Eagles and owls falling from the sky ... and

— new and mysterious diseases apparently brought about as documented by scientifically established studies from Ukraine (Chernobyl) ...documenting that nuclear radiation mutates bacteria and viruses to form new and mysterious bacteria and viruses ... ... ... which, along with mainstream scientific premises that global warming hot spots in the Pacific Ocean as mainstream science suggests but fails to prove, also contribute to the rise of new and 

mysterious diseases in ocean mammals and other sea life and tide pool life, and the birds and land mammals that eat ocean life.

All of the above is documented with 9,011 links to group of 3-to-5 published sources which in turn link to 25,000-to-35,000 pieces of published primarily mainstream but secondary comprehensive and easy-to-understand scientific documentation, and/or supplemented by most up-to-date info on the website.


.

(Left column reads from top to bottom & is independent of right column – click pics)

(Right column reads from top to bottom & is independent of left column — original, here)

add

09:11 AM Jan 20, 2014 -6945- Image published by embassy in Japan shows Fukushima melted fuel deep underground (GRAPHIC) [Editor: As I recall, the fuel meltdown was 600 tons of melting lava reactor core & fuel rods.]

10:46 PM Apr 6, 2014 -8149- Marine Chemist: Highly contaminated waste flowing in aquifer below Fukushima - Mag: Groundwater can erupt from seafloor offshore - Gov’t expert warned about radioactive substances springing up in Pacific (PHOTOS)

add

add

add

add

add

add

add

add

add

(up) Chernobyl Legacy, by Paul Fusco ...one of the greatest photo-journalism events of all time ...& unique in focusing on child victims of Chernobyl; (excerpts of  book were made into three short video introductory segments — they are extremely emotionally honest & softly narrated by Paul Fusco — which, along with the book, should have a permanent home in the National Archives).


07:23 AM Feb 7, 2018 -9011- Report: Massive radiation leak at Fukushima plant - Extremely high levels being detected outside reactor - Officials can’t explain why - Expert warns of global threat: “…disaster of unseen proportions” (VIDEO)

09:00 AM Nov 27, 2017 -9009- AP: “Japan poised to flood Pacific with 1 million tons of nuclear water contaminated by Fukushima” - Newsweek: “Experts want Japan to push a million tons of radioactive water into ocean” - Release could kill fishing industry (VIDEO)

06:49 AM Nov 13, 2017 -9005- Study: Hawaii hit with up to 200 times more Fukushima fallout than expected - Over a Trillion becquerels of nuclear waste fell on Hawaii - Scientists: “Plume may have taken an alternative path… Greater than anticipated”

08:15 AM Nov 10, 2017 -9003- Former U.S. Senator: All these Navy sailors have died after Fukushima radiation exposure — TV program reveals many are now dead — Veterans break down in tears… suffering cancers, paralysis, amputations, bleeding from anus, severe pain (VIDEO)

10:33 AM Nov 9, 2017 -9002- “Scientists shocked” as fisheries collapse along West Coast - “It’s the worst we’ve seen… they’re starving” - Death rates skyrocket, no babies born - Fish stocks at all-time record lows

07:47 AM Nov 8, 2017 -9000- Fukushima radiation found in Hawaii fish - half contain fallout from Japan nuclear disaster

11:47 PM Nov 1, 2017 -8898- Alert after collapse at nuclear site in N. Korea — “Fears of massive radioactive leak” — Scientist: Fallout may spread across “entire hemisphere” — Expert: Could cause major disaster… Radioactive material will go “into ocean a bit like Fukushima” (VIDEO)

08:56 AM Oct 26, 2017 -8897- Feds find ‘bizarre’ results in survey of Pacific Ocean - Record low numbers of fish - Expert: “…pulled that net up, not a thing in it… different than anything we’ve ever seen”

03:25 PM Oct 5, 2017 -8896- Hidden Fukushima nuclear waste released into ocean - ‘Surprisingly’ high levels of radiation now detected along Pacific coast and in groundwater far from reactors - Expert: No one expected this - “Alarming example of how radiation has spread”

07:23 AM Aug 8, 2017 -8888- Pieces of Fukushima reactor cores still floating around, new study reveals - Hot particles with over 1 Quadrillion becquerels per kilogram detected - Radioactive materials contain Uranium, Polonium, Americium (VIDEO)

06:15 PM Jul 16, 2017 -8886- Fury at Fukushima: 1 billion pounds of nuclear waste will be dumped into sea - Official: decision already made – solution: pour radioactive liquid into ocean - will cause devastation

12:12 PM Jul 3, 2017 -8885- Record radiation detected at Fukushima nuclear plant - Multiple locations register highest levels ever measured - Radioactive materials in groundwater toward the ocean

09:53 AM Jun 13, 2017 -8884- TV: Huge number of sea creatures washing up dead along West Coast - It’s a crisis all along Southern California - large numbers getting sick and dying (VIDEO)

11:44 AM May 31, 2017 -8883- Alarming mass die-off on California beaches - Extremely high number of sick and dead animals - Seabirds, sea lions, dolphins affected - Experts: Never seen this many sick birds - How many have to die before somebody cares? (VIDEOS)

07:06 AM May 26 2017 -8882- Millions of dead sea creatures wash ashore in Hawaii - Carcasses found along miles of beach - That should trigger some alarm - I don’t know what’s going on over there - I’ve never seen anything like this (VIDEOS)

12:17 PM May 9, 2017 -8877- New fear of explosions in Fukushima - Nuclear waste threatens to spontaneously combust - millions of tons of radioactive material could be released - nuclear expert: Japanese government terrified (AUDIO)

06:54 AM May 8, 2017 -8876- Everyone on Earth irradiated by Fukushima - Shocking new study reveals true extent of global impact - Scientists are only just now confirming far-reaching radioactive effects of nuclear disaster

09:47 AM May 6, 2017 -8875- Record die-off of marine life along West Coast - Huge numbers washing up on shore… This is just the tip of the iceberg - Several types of animals found dead - Hemorrhaging from brain infection (PHOTOS & VIDEOS)

04:52 PM May 3, 2017 -8874- Peak of Fukushima radiation now moving to West Coast - Levels much higher than predicted - Huge red blob of nuclear waste near shore - San Francisco area being hit hardest - Concern over Iodine-129 with 15 million year half-life (MAPS)

08:05 AM May 2, 2017 -8873- Brain-rotting toxin killing huge numbers of marine animals on California coast - Die-offs skyrocket over past week - Expert: It’s worst year we’ve ever seen - Mass deaths of sea lions, dolphins, birds - Officials warn outbreak is spreading (VIDEOS)

10:19 AM Apr 26, 2017 -8870- Japan wants to just drop tanks of Fukushima nuclear waste into ocean - Americans worried over plumes hitting West Coast - Reactors are now leaking really high levels of radiation into sea… The world does need to help - Official says Japan lying about catastrophe (VIDEO)

3:28 PM Apr 24, 2017 -8869- Mass die-off ongoing along US West Coast - TV: It’s just not clear why all the marine life is washing up like this. Reports coming in every day - Experts: ‘Unknown’ organisms eating away brains, hearts - New infection never seen before (VIDEOS)

9:27 AM Apr 11, 2017 -8867- Officials: Melted fuel still leaking out of Fukushima reactor — Likely escaping from opening at bottom of containment vessel — Gov’t experts want to give up sending in robots to search for molten cores 

12:43 PM Mar 30, 2017 -8866- Most catastrophic fisheries collapse in history expected along West Coast - Official: This is a nightmare, I have never in my life dreamed that it could get this bad - Threat of coast-wide fishing failure (VIDEO)

3:40 PM Mar 19, 2017 -8861- Report: Hundreds of millions of Pacific salmon missing, presumed dead - Gov’t issues emergency order along U.S. West Coast - Japan suffering historic collapse, fish starving to death - All forms of ocean life dying in stunning numbers across Pacific

6:19 AM Mar 17, 2017 -8860- Nuclear Engineer: My biggest concern is Fukushima plant will collapse. Concrete under reactors is being eaten away. There’s ongoing chemical attacks - Containment structures are tilting, in jeopardy of falling over (AUDIO)

2:35 PM Mar 16, 2017 -8859- Massive die-offs reported in Pacific Ocean - Officials: No fish out there, anywhere, over a very large area. What’s happening? Where’s their food? Alarming. Frightening. Total failure in reproduction. Like nothing we’ve ever observed before (VIDEO)

6:36 PM Mar 14, 2017 -8858- Nuclear Engineer: Fukushima is worst industrial cataclysm in history of world. As close to hell as I can imagine - Melted fuel ‘disappeared’ - Contamination will go on for hundreds of thousands of years. No one knows when it’ll end - Gov’t perpetrating ongoing cover-up (VIDEO)

01:47 PM Mar 13, 2017 -8857- Fish leaking pus, covered in lesions, deformed along U.S. West Coast - Fisherman: Nearly all fish caught affected; I’ve never seen this - pus all over body - Official: So many are showing illness, environmental conditions could be a factor (PHOTOS)

10:48 AM Mar 13, 2017 -8856- Nuclear fuel still burning through bottom of Fukushima plant? - Expert: Corium likely melted into earth… Will pour highly radioactive waste into ocean for rest of time - NY Times: Fuel may never be removed, reactors to be entombed like Chernobyl (VIDEO)

01:44 PM Mar 10, 2017 -8855- Expert warns of collapse at Fukushima reactor: It would be the end of Japan… New photos show serious structural damage at Unit 2… It’s a fantasy they can decommission plant - AP: Melted fuel has broken pieces of structure in containment vessel (VIDEO)

01:15 PM Mar 3, 2017 -8853- Many at Fukushima have brain damage - Worker develops 3 types of cancer in a year - Secret hospital used to treat those sickened by radiation exposure - Doctor: ‘People cried, can we survive?

10:15 PM Mar 1, 2017 -8852- Mysterious cancer killing sea lions along West Coast - Bones turn to mush – Inside, masses of yellow, cancerous tissue - Animals die at alarming rates (VIDEO)

01:39 PM Feb 28, 2017 -8851- Professor links die-offs on West Coast to Fukushima radiation - Nobody knows what to do about continuing contamination - River flowing under plant with molten fuel on the bottom goes into ocean (VIDEO)

10:15 AM Feb 21, 2017 -8847- Scientists fear Fukushima radiation hitting U.S. to worsen - A lot of people are very concerned - Billions being exposed - Reactors will continue to pour water into Pacific for the rest of time (VIDEO)

Feb 2, 2017 Arnie Gundersen, former nuclear engineer (emphasis added): “When I went to school, the saying was ‘dilution is the solution to pollution,’ and that’s what the Japanese believe. If they dump [radioactive water from Fukushima Daiichi] on their side and it floats over to the West Coast of the U.S. — the Pacific’s a big place — it’ll dilute out. I don’t think that’s appropriate… people are going to die. Regardless of how low the radiation is, it does cause cellular damage and cancer. So if you spread it out in a big body of water, the concentration goes down, but on the other hand, you’ve got a couple billion people exposed to it because they’re on the edge of that big body of water. So the concentration is down but the population is up and you’re still going to get cancer; it’s inevitable.”

Feb 13, 2017 Dr. Helen Caldicott: As the water flows beneath the damaged reactors, it immerses the three molten cores and becomes extremely radioactive as it continues its journey into the adjacent Pacific Ocean. Every day since the accident began, 300 to 400 tons of water has poured into the Pacific where numerous isotopes including cesium 137, 134, strontium 90, tritium, plutonium, americium and up to 100 more, enter the ocean and bio-concentrate by orders of magnitude at each step of the food chain… tuna, salmon and other species found on the American west coast now contain some of these radioactive elements… [Fukushima Daiichi] will continue to pour water into the Pacific for the rest of time

.

.


Self-preservation & Pacific Ocean Conservation is half the battle

insert

Source: U.S. Intelligence Voice of America news (a U.S. Government intelligence service for overseas)

The Pacific Ocean is Dying & You Don't Even Know, e-book is an emotional subjective narrative based on the objective Nuclear Waste & Fallout Reference Database for Citizens cold hard facts. Now easily win arguments with parents, friends & juries to keep pregnant women & kids & all Life on Earth, nd her environment, safe …these scientific facts from experts lend their authority that you need to save Life & win friends & influence people …Call to Action!

Proving you are right, saving your family & others is half the battle

add add

1st Responders: Exploding nuclear waste barrels at Beatty NV nuclear dump plague Las Vegas

Citizen database e-book is objective cold hard facts & has 9,011 newswire headlines & blurbs link to 25,000-to-35,000 published science studies, white papers, news stories, videos & photos never before collected to convict bankers, congress, teachers, billionaires, apologists, industrialists & bad science. Now's your Time. Call to Action!

Walk away  don't look back or stop nuclear perps' & their fatal lies

WITH PURCHASE, GET UNLIMITED URL DISTRIBUTION RIGHTS FOR COMPANION E-BOOKS & WEBSITE: With your purchase, using a company- or personal check, credit- or debit card you get unlimited distribution rights for employees, students, members, patrons, customers, fans, friends. Buyer shares download url for free ...they empower you ...you empower Earth environmental personhood to go viral & save the planet.  Order here. Take Action! Buy now!

The only companion e-books (& website) to document nuclear industry & prior atmospheric testing are killing the Pacific Ocean ...& is a feminist issue because women & girls who live within 25 miles of a nuclear reactor get more cancer than men or boys or those living farther away  ...& 41,000 men, women & children every day get fatal & non-fatal cancer from nuclear industry radioactive waste & fallout ...& that central bankers own the major corporations polluting the environment crushing Mother Nature & with the implementation of Environmental Personhood, become liable


The Pacific Ocean Is Dying & You Don't Even Know is a subjective narrative based on the facts & documentation of the objective Nuclear Waste & Fallout Reference Database for Citizens.


Website contains both objective database links & objective scientific documentation –and– subjective narrative interpretations of the links & science. 

Sea Turtle - ongoing Fukushima meltdowns into the water aquifers beneath the blown-up reactors since March 2011 are killing the Pacific Ocean - tons of nuclear lava in the aquifers feed Pacific Ocean 400-to-600 tons of unsafe radioactive water the last ten years 24x7x365 since 3/11 ...& will continue to kill life in the Pacific Ocean …practically forever, including Plankton ...which creates 80% of Earth's oxygen & is also the basis of the oceanic food chain …which is why the sea animals are starving, and why sea life is rotting from new & mysterious diseases caused by new & mysterious viruses & bacteria creating new & mysterious diseases …& some not new at all, like immune deficiency diseases, stroke, heart disease, heart attacks, eye, brain, skin, bone & organ cancers & leukemia … this is because of nuclear industry liars & genocidal murderers, known as central bankers and as K-12 teachers & university professors & the fake media & public radio & TV all claim nuclear energy is safe & clean … all these nuclear apologists should to to prison for life.

.

Now win arguments with your parents or in court against nuclear waste & fallout! ...here's 9,011 summarized newswire links to 35,000 published facts – to protect 1st Responders unknowingly dispatched to radioactive areas that are life threatening ...& to prove your case, intuition & feelings are right: Two-volume set & website proves nuclear industry is not safe & clean, & that central bankers own the Fortune 500 corporations polluting the environment & forcing Life on Earth to extinction levels & with the implementation of Environmental Personhood become liable


The Nuclear Waste & Fallout Reference Database for Citizens is an objective directory listing 9,011 headlines-&-blurbs linking to 25,000-to-35,000 pieces of published mainstream media & scientific documentation ...including pictures never before seen by the public collected from the document .

Cows Got milk? About a dozen States report that milk is too full of Fukushima fallout to be safe to drink & exceeds EPA danger limits — Federal Reserve directors (financing & directing nuclear industry) should eat plutonium & fallout like they make whales, dolphins, all ocean & land animals (including people), do.

Epidemiology: Fatal Fukushima fallout in U.S. — Kills 20,000 folks; doubles infant mortality rate in Seattle & Vancouver, B.C. — 12 States report milk unsafe to drink; (3) Infant mortality rate up 30% – WA & BC (2011)


Sharks have been washing up dead on both the East Coast & West Coast of north America & in bays since March 2011

The majority of the 9,011 links to 25,000-to-35,000 published documents focus on the nuclear explosion & hydrogen explosions at Fukushima and airborne & seaboard affects to the West coasts, across all continents in the northern hemisphere ... from March 2011  from the ongoing molten lava meltdowns into the water acquifers feeding hundreds of tons of radioactive water into the Pacific thru 2018 and continuing for practically, Eternity.

Horses, radiation sickness? - illness hits California horses - Fed Directors financing, owning & directing nuclear industry should eat plutonium & fallout like they make us & our animals, do; gee, if the pastures got covered with fallout & made the cows' milk radioactive, do you think the hay got covered with Fukushima radionuclides, too? ...ask your banker.

RADIATION SICKNESS HITS WEST COAST CALIFORNIA HORSES? — Fukushima fallout on pastures, cow's milk radioactive, farmlands & orchards 

Manatee – The Pacific Ocean is dying from ongoing Fukushima nuclear meltdowns & you don’t even know — 02:43 PM Mar 24, 2014 []-8121- Caldicott: Fukushima to be pouring radioactive water into Pacific for the rest of Time – nuclear industry covers it up cause they know if truth comes out it will end nuclear power, Dr. Helen Caldicott: There seems to be no end in sight for this dreadful catastrophe. About 300 to 400 tons of radioactive water per day are pouring into the Pacific, have been for the last 3 years, and will continue probably for the rest of time because no one can find out where the molten cores of a hundred of seethingly hot uranium are. No one can get near them because they’re so radioactive, and the water will continue to flow over them, I guess, forever more. I can’t see any other way out of it. [...] I had the same reaction as you when two days after the tsunami and earthquake occurred [...] I got this feeling in the pit of my stomach [...] there is simply nothing anyone can do about it. And people are asking me all the time what can I take, what nutrients can I take? There’s nothing you can take to remove the radioactive elements from your body once you’ve eaten them.

[]-8121- Caldicott: Fukushima to pour radioactive water into Pacific for rest of Time – deep state nuclear industry covers it up – if truth comes out it will end nuclear power.

 

Mans laughter? ...or manslaughter? — a legal precedent for nuclear

 -4581- Gov’t official, nuclear scientists convicted of manslaughter – gave public incomplete, imprecise, contradictory info on quake danger.  08:55 PM Oct 22, 2012

Prosecutors [...] said they did not expect scientists to provide a precise forecast. But argued the commission had given “incomplete, imprecise and contradictory” information on the danger after a meeting on March 31, 2009, a few days before the earthquake. Instead of highlighting the danger, they said the experts made statements playing down the threat...

06:15 PM Jul 16, 2017 -8886- 1 billion pounds of nuclear waste will be dumped into sea - Official: decision already made — solution: pour radioactive liquid into ocean - will cause devastation, [Editor's note: See Japan apology for lying to public (here), about the worst nuclear accident in the world ...they simply denied it was dangerous, at all — and imprisoned journalists — who disagreed with the State — for treason. Among whistleblowers, it is presumed this dumping had already occured ...as it has since 3/11 (not 9/11).] 

12:12 PM Jul 3, 2017 -8885- Record radiation detected at Fukushima nuclear plant - Multiple locations register highest levels ever measured - Radioactive materials in groundwater toward the ocean. 

09:53 AM Jun 13, 2017 -8884- TV: Huge number of sea creatures washing up dead along West Coast - It’s a crisis all along Southern California - large numbers getting sick and dying (VIDEO)

11:44 AM May 31, 2017 -8883- Alarming mass die-off on California beaches - Extremely high number of sick and dead animals - Seabirds, sea lions, dolphins affected - Experts: Never seen this many sick birds - How many have to die before somebody cares? (VIDEOS)

07:06 AM May 26 2017 -8882- Millions of dead sea creatures wash ashore in Hawaii - Carcasses found along miles of beach - That should trigger some alarm - I don’t know what’s going on over there - I’ve never seen anything like this (VIDEOS)

09:47 AM May 6, 2017 -8875- Record die-off of marine life along West Coast - Huge numbers washing up on shore… This is just the tip of the iceberg - Several types of animals found dead - Hemorrhaging from brain infection (PICS & VIDEOS)

04:52 PM May 3, 2017 -8874- Peak of Fukushima radiation now moving to West Coast - Levels much higher than predicted - Huge red blob of nuclear waste near shore - San Francisco area being hit hardest - Concern over Iodine-129 with 15 million year half-life (MAPS)

08:05 AM May 2, 2017 -8873- Brain-rotting toxin killing huge numbers of marine animals on California coast - Die-offs skyrocket over past week - Expert: It’s worst year we’ve ever seen - Mass deaths of sea lions, dolphins, birds - Officials warn outbreak is spreading (VIDEOS)

10:19 AM Apr 26, 2017 -8870- Japan wants to just drop tanks of Fukushima nuclear waste into ocean - Americans worried over plumes hitting West Coast - Reactors are now leaking really high levels of radiation into sea… The world does need to help - Official says Japan lying about catastrophe (VIDEO)

3:28 PM Apr 24, 2017 -8869- Mass die-off ongoing along US West Coast - TV: It’s just not clear why all the marine life is washing up like this. Reports coming in every day - Experts: ‘Unknown’ organisms eating away brains, hearts - New infection never seen before (VIDEOS)

add

add

add

add

add

add

add

add

add

add

add

add

.

mm



add

02:05 AM Dec 28, 2013 -6856- Fukushima can’t be excluded as factor in sea stars turning to goo along West Coast; hasn’t been ruled out - proficient at absorbing radioisotopes; 1,000x more plutonium than fish (AUDIO)

May 2, 2013 Oceanus Magazine - Marine invertebrates, such as bottom-dwelling starfish and sea urchins, are particularly proficient at absorbing a wide range of ingested radioisotopes [Fowler] said, (here).

Nov. 12, 2012 Scott W. Fowler, School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences at Stony Brook University,  (at 8:00 in): Species dependent uptake of plutonium from sea water by various marine organisms [...] There’s a huge difference in what these types of organisms accumulate [...] Fish aren’t particularly sensitive to plutonium, you can see the concentration factor is extremely low [Starfish have a concentration factor ~1,000 times higher than fish]. file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/Observations_on_plutonium_in_the_oceans.pdf 


[Editor's note: It appears that the discovery and publication of the information about the underground spring and the meltdowns into the water aquifers below, that flow into the Pacific Ocean is dated Apr 6, 2014 ...a year after the article by David Pacchioli was originally published, on May 2, 2013. Which emphasizes the persistance and brilliance of the researchers cited in both articles. ... ... ...However, it is significant to note that information regarding the meltdowns, Mox fuel and other words were forbidden by the State to be used by reporters and investigative journalists, and violations were considered high treason against the opinions of the Japanese government, and punishable by arrest and imprisonment ...which is to stay information relevant to the Fukushima Daichi nuclear catastrophe was then and today remains highly restricted and withheld in Japan, and around the world. Similarly, doctors were not allowed to diagnose people with radiation sickness or to attribute any illness to the widespread nuclear fallout. This is covered elsewhere, (here).]

10:46 PM Apr 6, 2014 -8149- Marine Chemist: Highly contaminated waste flowing in aquifer below Fukushima - Mag: Groundwater can erupt from seafloor offshore - Gov’t expert warned about radioactive substances springing up in Pacific (PHOTOS)



How Is Fukushima's Fallout Affecting Marine Life?

By David Pacchioli — Originally published online May 2, 2013

(excerpts, emphasis added) In one experiment measuring uptake of americium, worms exposed to contaminated sediments took up significantly more of the radioisotope than clams did. But both worms and clams took up much more of the radioisotopes from Pacific sediments, which contain relatively high amounts of silica minerals, than they did from Atlantic sediments, which contain more carbon minerals. 

Food is another pathway into marine organisms and “may be in some cases the most important factor in uptake,” Fowler said. Consumed radioisotopes are assimilated internally through the gut, potentially a far more efficient route than if they are absorbed externally from the environment. Marine invertebrates, such as bottom-dwelling starfish and sea urchins, are particularly proficient at absorbing a wide range of ingested radioisotopes, he said, but fortunately, they lose that incorporated radioactivity over time, via excretion. 

What’s puzzling to Fisher, Buesseler, and many other scientists is the persistence of these low but significant levels of radioactivity in the ocean. Jota Kanda, an oceanographer at the Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, has extensively studied coastal waters off Fukushima and calculated the amount of cesium still present in coastal waters shallower than 200 meters (660 feet) and in sediments on the seafloor. By his reckoning, what remains is less than three percent of the total discharge, with the rest long since flushed out to the open ocean.

Yet levels of the cesium radioisotopes are still being measured at several tens to hundreds of becquerels per cubic meter in this area, Kanda noted, considerably higher than the levels prior to the Fukushima disaster. More importantly, levels measured in coastal sediments and in some species of fish are higher than those in the surrounding water. 

As Kanda sees it, there are three sources responsible for this stubborn presence. One is river runoff—the fallout washed by rainfall into nearby rivers that drain to the sea. He also suggested that a small amount of contaminated water from basement compartments in the reaction unit housing is continuing to leak from the plant itself. But the biggest culprit—the only plausible explanation for the steady levels of radioactive cesium being measured in fish tissue—is continuous input through a food source. And that, he said, points to sediments.

Kanda has estimated that a total of 95 terabecquerels of cesium (1012 becquerels) is present in coastal sediments. The question, he maintained, is how it got there. It could have drifted down to the seafloor in the fecal pellets of plankton that consumed it at the surface—and in fact, plankton in shallow waters sometimes showed elevated levels of cesium. It could also be arriving with organic bits and pieces carried along by river water. It could have adhered to clay particles that came in contact with contaminated water; such radioactive cesium is tightly bound to clay particles and may not be easily transferred to marine life.

Sediment is complex stuff, he explained. Viewed up close, a single grain of what looks like sand is likely a mélange of mineral, organic matter, and pore water—the liquid trapped in the tiny gaps between particles. How contaminants are taken into these agglomerations is not well understood. Echoing Scott Fowler, Kanda noted that the composition and properties of sediments can vary dramatically.

Solving the mystery of the ongoing radioactivity will require a thorough analysis of the seafloor off Fukushima’s coast, he stressed. “Local communities are concerned. They want to know ‘When can we resume fishing?’ We scientists will have to answer this question.”

The key may be how long cesium stays put and the pathways for its uptake into the food chain. Given the 30-year half-life of cesium-137, the sediments could be a possible source of contamination in the food chain for decades to come.



06:15 PM Jul 16, 2017 -8886- 1.54 billion pounds ... 777,000 tons ... of nuclear waste will be dumped into sea - Official: decision already made – solution: pour radioactive liquid into ocean - will cause devastation

add

.



Thank you for your interest. Please contact your friends & share this info. 

Every nuclear reactor is a nuclear dump where waste is stored, so we focus on America first then locations of every nuclear reactor & dump in the world, since all give you immune deficiency diseases, heart attacks & cancer.

Biden & Dementia Note: Portland Metro Creative Aging & Cognitive Arts Center is not funded at this time. enrollment membership info for our curriculum for students will be available, here.


Follow
Facebook Icon